About

Water distribution system facilities, including desalination as well as water and wastewater treatment plants, are energy-intensive infrastructure that account for considerable electricity consumption in many countries. Traditionally, however, power and water infrastructure have been designed and operated as separate systems, leaving an untapped opportunity for enhancing the energy and economic efficiency of both systems.

Our research investigates the power-water nexus in the context of integrated operation of interdependent power and water infrastructure, and develops models for integrating the energy flexibility of water infrastructure (e.g., water pumps, treatment and desalination plants) in power systems operation. The proposed models ensure the deliverability of the scheduled energy flexibility for the water equipment by considering the detailed hydraulic constraints of water distribution networks.

Co-Optimized operation of interdependent power and water distribution systems

Select Publication

  • H. Han, K. Oikonomou, N. Chalapathi, M. Parvania, B. Wang, “Interactive Visualization of Interdependent Power and Water Infrastructure Operation,” in Proc. IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT) Conference, Washington, DC, Feb. 2020. DOI
  • K. Oikonomou, M. Parvania, “Deploying Water Treatment Energy Flexibility in Power Distribution Systems Operation,” in Proc. IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT) Conference, Washington, DC, Feb. 2020. DOI
  • Oikonomou, M. Parvania, “Optimal Participation of Water Desalination Plants in Demand Response and Regulation Markets,” IEEE Systems Journal, in press, 2019. DOI
  • K. Oikonomou, M. Parvania, “Optimal Coordination of Water Distribution Energy Flexibility with Power Systems Operation,” IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1101–1110, 2019. DOI
  • K. Oikonomou, M. Parvania, R. Khatami, “Optimal Demand Response Scheduling for Water Distribution Systems,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 5112-5122, 2018. DOI
  • S. Shin, S. Lee, D. R. Judi, M. Parvania, E. Goharian, T. McPherson, S. J. Burian, “A Systematic Review of Quantitative Resilience Measures for Water Infrastructure Systems,” Water, vol. 10, no. 2, 2018. DOI
  • K. Oikonomou, M. Parvania, S. Burian, “Integrating Water Distribution Energy Flexibility in Power Systems Operation,” in Proc. IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, Chicago, IL, July 16-20, 2017. DOI

Funded Research Projects

  • Irrigation Districts as Resilient Integrated Water and Power Systems, U.S. Department of Energy, 2019-2020.
  • Smart Water Data Acquisition and Analytics Technologies for Improving Efficiency of Water and Power Network Operations, Utah Governor’s Office of Energy Development, 2017-2018.
  • Integrated energy-water efficiency and optimization in smart cities, Utah Governor’s Office of Energy Development, 2017.
  • Hierarchical Resiliency Control for Smart Cities, University of Utah Research Foundation, 2016-2017.

Collaborators

Prof. Steven Burian (University of Utah), Prof. Bei Wang (University of Utah)